SERVICES
  INDIVIDUAL TRAVELERS
  • Cuba Car Rental
  • All Cuba Hotels
  • Destinations
  • International & Local Flights
  • Casa Particular in Cuba
  MULTI TRAVEL PACKAGES
  • Cuba Travel Packages
  • Cuba Travel Circuits
  GROUPS OF TRAVELERS
  • Incentive Groups
  • Cuba Tour Programs
  • Family Trips Discounts
  • Tailor made Travel Groups
  VIP TRAVEL SERVICES
  • Cuba VIP Travelers
  SPECIALIZED TOURISM
  • Cuba Scuba Diving
  • Liveaboard and Fishing
  • Birds Hunting
  • Cycle Tours
  • Skydiving in Cuba
  CUBA REAL ESTATE
  • Condo Apartments and Homes for sale in Havana
  RUSSIAN MARKET
  • Услуги для VIP- 
клиентов на Кубе
 
photo_gallery movie_gallery

PHOTO AND VIDEO GALLERY

copyright 2011© Cubanjourneys.com www.cubanjourneys.com Internet Branch of Trading Island Tours S.A. Tourism Division of the Caribbean Travel & Trading Group
 

 

General Information
Travel Information
Travel Tips

Click above if you like this site...
fontana
Restaurant LA FONTANA
Quality Havana Paladar
Check Cuban Cultural Info
& Articles here!
PureTravel.com
Online Travel Marketing
CARIBBEAN TRAVEL SERVICES
Hotels by Destination
Rent Car Destinations
Caribbean Flights
Caribbean Packs from Cuba
GENERAL INFO
Destinations Info
Caribbean Map
Destinations Maps
USEFUL LINKS
Testimonials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

HOME ABOUT US PARTNERSHIP CONTACT-BOOKING PAY ONLINE

Rumba, a dance forgotten by the stage
By: Ismael S. Albelo | Source: CUBARTE rayita30 de October 2009

The IV Olorum Festival, organized by the Folkloric Ballet of Camagüey and the Province Center of Performing Arts of the land of Ignacio Agramonte, was closed on October 20th, Day of the Cuban Culture.
This year the event as well as its theoretical section was dedicated to rumba, a complex music-dance very exploited by dancers but which, out of the folkloric stage or as accompaniment of music bands, has not been treated in depth by Cuban choreographers, since rumba is one of the truly identifying elements of our dance.
Rumba appears in urban regions of the West of our country at the ends of the XIX century and the beginnings of the XX century, mainly in the port areas, and it is a complex of dances that are related by music and dance elements, together with singing.
Its humble origin and maybe some marginal nature have made that dance variants like ballet or contemporary dance have not approached it enough, mainly for considering it trivial and lacking deep intellectual or dramatic features.
Many people believe that rumba only has elements of African origin, but it also has – and to a great extent – influences of the Spanish Flamenco dance, for the use of the décima, the handkerchief and the “train dress” as costume for the woman. In the Hispanic slang, rumba means “party”.
Three fundamental forms can be identified in its development:
1. The yambú, the most ancient rumba, of slow rhythm and soft movements, without any abrupt gestures, where the man courts the woman, embraces her shoulders, places his handkerchief around her neck or waist and they dance around each other with half bent legs.
2. Guaguancó, the most popular rumba, where dancers stand one in front each other dancing spontaneously and eroticism prevails: the woman flirts with the man through her gestures while he tries to touch the area of her sexual organs with his handkerchief, his foot, his own genitals or any part of his body or accessory like the hat, an action that is known as “vacunao”, and is exclusive of Guaguancó; and
3. The Columbia, basically danced by soloist men, who show off their creative abilities, they improvise acrobatic and risky actions with knives, bottles, chairs, fire, etc. It has derivations like the jiribilla.
Since the XIX century, it was possible to enjoy the performance of dancers like Arquímides Pous, who danced with Angelita Martínez by 1915, in circuses and theaters. At the ends of 1920 and the beginnings of 1930, the bands that performed abroad took dancing couples with them, as it happened with the couple made up by Ofelia and Pimienta, who travelled to New York with the Havana Casino Band and performed at the Palace Theater. It is believed that this was the first music band that took rumba dancers to the United States.
In the thirties and the forties, when rumba soloist dancers as well as couples began to be used in shows of nightclubs in the Havana beaches, many of them entered the world of cinema and travelled to the United States, Mexico and Paris, and other countries of America and Europe.
The choreographers Sergio Orta and Julio Richard used many rumba dancers in their shows, and the last one was member of many couples, like the one he made up with Carmita Ortiz, and they succeeded at the Palace Hotel of Paris, in 1928. Richard was the architect of the blockbuster Congo Pantera, which inaugurated Tropicana in 1936 and counted on rumba players as Chano Pozo.
After World War II, rumba spread all over the world together with mambo, guaracha and conga. All these Cuban folk dances were synthesized in only one performer that became commercial and explicit: the rumbera, an extremely beautiful woman with very full lips, wasp waist, exuberant hips and indiscreet spots, which filled a whole period, mainly in the Latin American cinema. Since 1935, when Carmen Curbelo danced in the film Rumba, of the Paramount, rumba players proliferated in the silver screen with names like Ninón Sevilla, Meche Barba, Amalia Aguilar, María Antonieta Pons, Amelita Vargas, Rosa Armelina, Mary Ezquivel and Blanquita Amaro, among others.
The best cabarets of Havana had rumberas and rumberos in their shows, but most of them were empirical dancers and the productions lacked aesthetic elaboration, they adjusted the music played by the orchestra and improvised to the rhythm of the drums.
It was not until 1947 that rumba entered professional dance through the door of the great stage show, when Alberto Alonso included it in his ballet Antes del alba (Before daybreak), with music by Hilario González and designs by Carlos Enríquez. The plot developed at a tenement building of Havana and at the end of the play the protagonist, Chela decides to set herself on fire due to her precarious economic situation and health problems. For this, the choreographer took the black rumbero Chama clandestinely to the exclusive stage of the Auditorium Theater, so that he taught Alicia Alonso the steps of the Columbia that she would dance in that scene, which makes the prima ballerina assoluta, maybe the first columbiana woman of the Cuban stage.
It was also Alberto Alonso who created the ballet El Solar (The tenement building) in 1953, for the production of the Montmartre Cabaret, the Ballet of Radiocentro and the CMQ of Television, in his eagerness to develop a national choreography in times that were little opportune for that. That play became the musical comedy Mi solar and the film made by the ICAIC (Cuban Institute of Cinematographic Art and Industry) Un día en el solar (One day at the tenement building), both in 1965. In all these productions, Alonso uses elements of rumba, mainly in the famous pas de deux of the broom, and at the end of both plays. In 1964, he also creates La rumba, but it was only the presentation theme of the great Cuban dancer Sonia Calero.
Another Cuban master who used rumba in his choreographies was Luis Trápaga, who also developed the so-called “basic technique”, a training system that uses elements of this complex dance too, with the Television Ballet.
There have been very few choreographers who have used rumba in the dancing stage after 1959. It is possible to mention Víctor Cuéllar in his ballet Faust: the scene for dancers in the encounter between Margarita and the protagonist; and Iván Tenorio with his piece Rítmicas (Rhythmic) that was created in 1973, maybe the most elaborated creation for rumba on stage.
Little recognition? Contempt? Discrimination? Lack of information? Lack of talented dancers? The truth is that currently rumba is not used as a source of inspiration for the stage dance, with the exception, of course, of the folkloric dance companies. Like casino dance, rumba should have better luck in our stage and it will certainly be a success in the country and abroad to see how the contemporary Cuban takes a purely Cuban and recognized form of dance as rumba to the artistic-stage dance.
Translation: Yusimi Rodriguez (Cubarte)

www.cubanjourneys.com
  SPECIALIZED CUBA TOUR PROGRAMS FOR GROUPS WITH MINIMUM OF PASSENGERS  
  Architecture in Depth Architecture & Leisure The Cuba Cultural Tour  
   
  CARIBBEAN PACKAGES DEPARTING FROM HAVANA CITY  
   
  JUMP TO MEXICO
The ancient land of the Aztecas! Departing from Havana, you can choose how many nights to stay in the best hotels of Mexico city Round trip flight from Havana. Excursions available just upon arrival
JAMAICA VACATIONS
Departing from Havana, Direct flight from Havana to Montego Bay, an amazing Caribbean beach. Stay at the best beach All Inclusive resorts paying fair rates... Don´t miss the chance to enjoy a real tropical Paradise!
SANTO DOMINGO
Appreciate a great colonial architecture, history and get some rest in these marvellous beaches bathed by pristine and warm waters. Stay a few nights at the best all inclusive hotels and return to Cuba relaxed and with your batteries charged!
 
  From $380 (Book Now) From $585 (Book Now) From $380 (Book Now)